Sciatica refers to pain from back or buttock and move down into the leg and may move into the foot. It is caused by irritation of the nerve roots coming out of the spinal cord into the lower back, then extend down  into the leg, ankle and foot, the sciatic nerve. In severe condition, the lower limbs weakness, muscle atrophy, faecal and urinary incontinence may occur. If have doubt, you should consult your family doctor or physiotherapist for further examination.


  • Injury

  • Spinal degeneration and overuse

  • Spine and/ or pelvic dislocation lead to nerve compression



  • Lower limbs have neuralgic pain and abnormal sensation

  • Lower back and buttock pain

  • Lower limbs numbness

  • Diminished reflex action

  • Decrease muscle power

  • Thigh and calf muscles atrophy

  • In severe condition, faecal and urinary incontinence may occur



  • To maintain good posture

  • Proper lifting techniques in keeping your back straight while bending your knees to pick up items can avoid mechanical back problems

  • Avoid activities that are likely to put unnecessary strain on your back

  • To perform stretch exercise regularly